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Monday, April 20, 2020 | History

4 edition of The epidemiological impact of an HIV vaccine on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southern India found in the catalog.

The epidemiological impact of an HIV vaccine on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southern India

Nico J. D. Nagelkerke

The epidemiological impact of an HIV vaccine on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southern India

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  • 37 Currently reading

Published by World Bank in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Places:
  • India, South.
    • Subjects:
    • HIV (Viruses) -- India, South.,
    • AIDS (Disease -- India, South.,
    • AIDS vaccines -- India, South.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementNico J. D. Nagelkerke, and Sake J. De Vlas.
      SeriesPolicy research working paper ;, 2978, Policy research working papers (Online) ;, 2978.
      ContributionsDe Vlas, Sake J., World Bank.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHG3881.5.W57
      The Physical Object
      FormatElectronic resource
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL3285175M
      LC Control Number2003615327

      Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Following initial infection a person may not notice any symptoms, or may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness. Typically, this is followed by a prolonged period with no : Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).


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The epidemiological impact of an HIV vaccine on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southern India by Nico J. D. Nagelkerke Download PDF EPUB FB2

The potential epidemiological impact of preventive HIV Vaccines that convey a high degree of protection in a vaccines on the HIV epidemic in Southern India is share of or all of those immunized and that convey life. Vaccines that convey a high degree of protection in a share of or all of those immunized and that convey life-long immunity are the most effective in curbing the HIV epidemic.

Vaccines that convey less than complete protection may also have substantial public health impact, but disinhibition can easily undo their effects and they should be used combined with conventional prevention efforts.

The potential epidemiological impact of preventive HIV vaccines on the HIV epidemic in Southern India is examined, using a mathematical deterministic dynamic compartmental model. The potential epidemiological impact of preventive HIV vaccines on the HIV epidemic in Southern India is examined using a mathematical deterministic dynamic compartmental model.

Get this from a library. The epidemiological impact of an HIV vaccine on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southern India. [Nico J D Nagelkerke; Sake J De Vlas; World Bank.] -- The potential epidemiological impact of preventive HIV vaccines on the HIV epidemic in Southern India is examined using a methematical deterministic dynamic compartmental model.

Get this from a library. The epidemiological impact of an HIV vaccine on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southern India. [Nico J D Nagelkerke; Sake J De Vlas; World.

Downloadable. The potential epidemiological impact of preventive HIV vaccines on the HIV epidemic in Southern India is examined using a mathematical deterministic dynamic compartmental model.

Various assumptions about the degree of protection offered by such a vaccine, the extent of immunological response of those vaccinated, and the duration of protection afforded are explored. The potential epidemiological impact of preventive HIV vaccines on the HIV epidemic in Southern The epidemiological impact of an HIV vaccine on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southern India book is examined The epidemiological impact of an HIV vaccine on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southern India book a mathematical deterministic dynamic compartmental model.

Various assumptions about the degree of protection offered by such a vaccine, the extent of immunological response of those vaccinated, and the duration of protection afforded are explored. The potential epidemiological impact of preventive HIV vaccines on the HIV epidemic in Southern India is examined using a mathematical deterministic dynamic compartmental model.

Various assumptions about the degree of protection offered by such a vaccine, the extent of immunological response of those vaccinated, and the duration of protection Author: Nico J.D. Nagelkerke and Sake J. De Vlas.

The impact of disinhibition (increased risk behavior due to the presence of a vaccine) is also considered. Vaccines that convey a high degree of protection in a share or all of those immunized and that convey life-long immunity are the most effective in curbing the HIV epidemic.

Vaccines that convey less than complete protection may also. A vaccine with 50 percent efficacy and 10 years duration supplied to 65 percent of all adults could reduce HIV incidence by 25 to 60 percent, depending on the context and stage of the epidemic.

The impact of vaccines on the epidemic is compared with the impact of other prevention interventions such as condom use and behavior change. Finally, the models are used to explore the extent with which behavioral reversals may erode the positive benefits of the vaccine.

The potential epidemiological impact of preventive HIV vaccines on the HIV epidemic in Southern India is examined, using a mathematical deterministic dynamic compartmental model.

Various assumptions about the degree of protection offered The epidemiological impact of an HIV vaccine on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southern India book such a vaccine, the extent of immunological response in those vaccinated, and the duration of protection Cited by: 5.

Downloadable. Many people see an effective preventive AIDS vaccine as the best solution to the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Ten years ago many scientists had hoped that a vaccine would be available by now.

Most scientists are still optimistic that vaccines will be developed and many candidates are being tested. Strategies to implement HIV/AIDS vaccination need to be developed to be ready when vaccines. The HIV-1 and HIV-2 epidemic Serological studies of high-risk cohorts in different regions from India showed that both HIV-1 and -2 have caused the AIDS epidemic in India.

The most detailed study was performed in two high-risk cohorts (> people), mainly prostitutes and their clients attending the sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic and Cited by: We adapted an existing deterministic compartmental HIV transmission model developed for studying various HIV interventions – including the impact of a hypothetical vaccine in India, targeted CSW interventions in India and Botswana, male circumcision in Africa, and pre-exposure prophylaxis in Africa and India – to the situation in by: This paper explores the epidemiological impact of prophylactic vaccines if administered in mature epidemic environments such as Kampala, Uganda and Thailand.

We use iwgAIDS, a computational model for HIV/AIDS transmission developed in the early s and recently revised. The core questions explored in the paper compare four different vaccine Cited by: Introduction.

UNAIDS () estimates million people are living with HIV in India. Although the HIV prevalence in India amongst adults was low (%) inin the southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra, the HIV prevalence was up to three-fold higher.

The ‘Avahan Initiative’ aims to control HIV spread in the higher prevalence states of India by concentrating. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established an office in India in with an initial focus on HIV/ AIDS prevention. Today, CDC has a broader scope and in addition to its headquarters in New Delhi maintains a presence in Mumbai and Hyderabad.

In the wake of a downward revision of the number of HIV-infected people, India is launching an ambitious US$ billion, five-year HIV plan. Responding to new data on HIV prevalence and risk behavi Cited by:   Following its recognition inthe HIV/AIDS epidemic has evolved to become the greatest challenge in global health, with some 34 million persons living with HIV worldwide.

Early epidemiologic studies identified the major transmission routes of the virus before it was discovered, and enabled the implementation of prevention by: Our study also reflects that women with HIV are less taken care of by their husbands or husband's family.

In this study 27% of men and 38% of women informed that they had lost their job after the diagnosis of the disease. In the report by Pradhan et al.,[16] loss of job.

Although the overall prevalence of HIV is below 1%, due to the large population size, India has a large number of people living with HIV/AIDS, second only to South Africa.

By the end ofthere were an estimated million PLWHAs in Size: KB. As ofapproximately million people are infected with HIV globally. Inapproximately 43% are women. There were aboutdeaths from AIDS in The Global Burden of Disease Study, in a report published in The Lancet, estimated that the global incidence of HIV infection.

The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first recognized among homosexual men in the United States in [1,2]. While initially limited, infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has literally exploded over the past three decades to become the worst epidemic.

The book considers the disparities in HIV/AIDS in relation to social aspects, risk behavior and critical illness comorbidities. It updates and enhances our understanding of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the United States and contributes to the expanding literature on the role of syndemics in shaping the public’s : Hardcover.

HIV/AIDS - Annual Epidemiological Report for Publication, Surveillance report May Publication. Sexually transmitted infections, including HIV and blood-borne viruses - Annual epidemiological report [ data] Surveillance report Feb Publication.

The HIV/AIDS Surveillance and Epidemiologic Research Program conducts state-mandated HIV and AIDS case reporting activities and public health research regarding the epidemiology, natural history, transmission and control of HIV, hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) viruses, and other diseases of public health importance.

The world's largest HIV/Aids vaccine trial of more t volunteers was the first in which infection has been prevented, according to the US army, which sponsored the.

HIV/AIDS Programs & Research Reports: New. Behavioral and Clinical Characteristics of Persons Living with Diagnosed HIV Atlas of HIV/AIDS in San Francisco (Published in ) - (14 MB Acrobat file, may take several minutes to download).

Click here to see our new interactive atlas!. Atlas of HIV/AIDS in San Francisco (Published in ) (16 MB Acrobat file, may take.

Global estimates. At the global level, three estimates of demand for an HIV vaccine have been made to date. The first focuses on the number of vaccination courses required by developing countries for national HIV vaccination programs in the first five years after vaccine launch [].

(A “course” refers to two or more vaccinations administered to the same individual several months apart, as Cited by: 5. HIV/AIDS Integrated Epidemic Profile 4 | P a g e ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We are very thankful for those people and programs in Arizona who provided data and time to the creation of this Profile.

Their involvement has been crucial; data gathering is not standardized and without their help, we would not have been able to analyze across databases. Global report: UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic “UNAIDS / JCE” infections – therapy.

infections – diagnosis. infections – epidemiology. ed immunodeficiency syndrome – prevention and control. ational cooperation.

Size: 2MB. This online information sheet discusses the epidemiology of the HIV/AIDS in the world and reports that there were million people living with HIV in It presents the facts and figures describing the current global situation, and the impact of HIV/AIDS by region, including sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Eastern Europe and central Asia, and Asia.

HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Program, San Diego ounty 6 In% of the PLWHA alive in the United States resided in San Diego ounty and % of those living in alifornia lived in the county (Table 2). Since the HIV epidemic began, ap-proximately 1% of AIDS cases in the nation and 9% of the AIDS cases in alifornia have been.

The HIV Vaccine Trials Network is having a banner year. Last month in South Africa, the network launched a clinical trial called the Imbokodo Study to test an experimental vaccine regimen designed to protect against HIV subtypes around the world.

Over the coming months, the Imbokodo study will roll out in four other southern African countries. Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS — United States, – Reduction in Perinatal Transmission of HIV Infection — United States, – Evolution of HIV/AIDS Prevention Programs — United States, – Notice to Readers QuickStats Twenty-Five Years of HIV/AIDS — United States, – FIGURE.

Methods. Under the assumptions that HIV incidence is the independent Poisson variable and the probability distribution of AIDS incubation period is known from external studies, the nonparametric backcalculation with the smoothed EM algorithm was utilized to estimate the past incidence of HIV infection from the observed new AIDS counts over Thailand, the Bureau of Epidemiology.

In a second study (1), 24% of people infected during an epidemic in rural Southern India were 16 or older. It appears that there is some seasonal variation in acute cases of varicella in India.

In a number of studies, incidence was found to peak during the cooler times Cited by:   The worldwide HIV/AIDS epidemic may only be controlled through the development of a safe and effective vaccine that will prevent HIV infection.

DNA vaccines are inexpensive to construct, readily produced in large quantities, and stable for long periods of Type: Interventional. Cross-posted from NIAID Pdf Despite remarkable gains in the pdf and prevention of HIV infection, development of an effective HIV vaccine likely will be necessary to achieve a durable end to the HIV/AIDS pandemic, according to a new commentary from Anthony S.

Fauci, M.D., director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of.Background The AIDS epidemic in Brazil remains concentrated in populations with download pdf vulnerability to HIV infection, and the development of an HIV vaccine could make an important contribution to prevention.

This study modeled the HIV epidemic and estimated the potential impact of an HIV vaccine on the number of new infections, deaths due to AIDS and the number of people receiving ARV Cited by: HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Report Ebook us for more informa on at: Epidemiology & Immuniza on Services HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Unit (HAEU) Rosecrans Street, MS P San Diego, CA Phone: () ‐ Fax: () ‐ This report is available on the web at.